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Teaching Method: Question and Answer


Writer: A. Adib Dzulfahmi

The notion of question and answer method is a teaching method that is used as a direct communication where the teacher asks questions and students answer about the material they get or vice versa students ask and the teacher answers so that students are motivated. This understanding shows that the question and answer method requires direct communication between teachers and students so that there is not only one-way communication. However, in this communication, there is a direct reciprocal relationship between teachers and students, even students and students. Because when students give the right answers, it can encourage other students to provide responses and ask questions.

Thus the question and answer method is a verbal utterance that asks for a response from someone who gets a response to be given, which can be in the form of knowledge of things that are the result of consideration. So asking is an effective stimulation that encourages thinking skills. The question and answer method here is intended to introduce knowledge, and certain facts that have been taught and to stimulate students' attention in various ways (such as apperception, distraction and evaluation).

In addition, in the history of the development of Islam, the question and answer method is also known , because this method is often used by the Prophets. And the Prophet was in teaching the teachings he brought to his people. Besides that, this method is the oldest besides lectures, but its effectiveness is greater than other methods. Because of this method, understanding and understanding can be obtained more steadily.

From the discussion above, the writer concludes that the advantages of the question and answer method are : (1) it can train students' courage to express opinions or ask questions, (2) help students to better understand the material being taught, (3) teachers can see how the level of understanding of each student.

In addition to the advantages, the question and answer method also has several weaknesses, such as: (1) in formal learning which has a time limit, the question and answer method will spend more time, (2) it is often possible for questions and statements submitted by students to be far from wide. the main discussion, therefore it requires direct direction and supervision from a teacher.

 

References

Ahmad, M Yusuf, Syahraini Tambak, and Nia Constantiani. “Hubungan Metode Tanya Jawab Dengan Minat Belajar Peserta Didik Pada Mata Pelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam.” Jurnal Al-Thariqah 2, no. 1 (2017): 89–110.

Ahyat, Nur. “Metode Pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam.” Edusiana : Jurnal Manajemen Dan Pendidikan Islam 4, no. 1 (2017): 24–31.

Atnawi, and Supandi. “Signifikansi Metode Tanya Jawab Dalam Meningkatkan Efektivitas Pembelajaran Pai Di Smk Al-Faqih Toronan Pamekasan.” Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pemikiran Keislaman 7, no. 1 (2020): 48–57.


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