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SOLOMON ISLAND: A SMALL COUNTRY AGAINST MENTAL HEALTH AND CONTRIBUTION TO THE WORLD

Oleh: Krisna Aditya Putra

       Pacific Island countries and territories are confronted with a triple burden; communicable disease, non-communicable disease, and the health impact of climate change. That causes high rates of morbidity and mortality. Mental health as an NCD (non-communicable disease) in this recently years took a hard issues for people in the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 10 to 20 percent of all the children and adolescents in the world experience some sort of mental disorder. Mental health issue is one of important cases in the world causes every 40 seconds one person dies due to suicide and is caused due to the mental issues, said WHO General Director, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. There are many factors that make people prone to mental illness, such as; family, friendship, war, relationship, and natural disasters. 
       Regarding Solomon's state mental health policy officially does not exist and mental health is not specifically mentioned in public health policy. A special mental health law exists and was most recently revised in 1978. However, legal provisions regarding mental health are not covered by other laws. But the national health policy which aims to promote, improve and maintain the health of the Solomon Islands community was drafted as of 2009 but has yet to be approved again and requires finalization. The finalization is a concept in overcoming mental problems, which is in the form of reforming the new mental health law and planning the Human Resources Training Plan.
       Responding to the mental problems of the Solomon Islands and the complex world requires definite solutions that are measurable and conceptual to overcome them. The solution that can be implemented is to socialize mental health to the public in order to get education about anticipating the dangers of mental illness, provide legal certainty to the community mental health, improve health facilities that support the resolution of mental health problems, and provide training to doctors and nurses to understand and treat acute and intermediate mental disease. Although WHO has provided a module called Quality Rights module and has been used by 31 countries of the world, it still needs more effort to overcome mental problems in the world, especially in the Solomon Islands.

Bibliography

Mental Health Atlas 2011 - Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, World Health Organization From https://www.who.int/mental_health/evidence/atlas/profiles/en/#S (Accessed on 31 October 2020) 
News release from Official Website WHO, "Suicide: one person dies every 40 seconds", https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/09-09-2019-suicide-one-person-dies-every-40-seconds (Accessed on 1 November, 2020)


Malang, 3 November 2020
Pondok Pesantren Darun Nun Malang
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